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What is a Microboard?

Each Microboard is a small Virginia Non-Stock Corporation

  • Supports only the individual with a disability (hence “micro”)
  • No two microboards are the same: each one is unique to the individual it’s designed for and is focused on identifying the needs and wishes of the individual.
  • Microboards are committed to planning, maintaining, managing, and overseeing supports to meet the needs of the individual, including the “bridges” between the individual, family, and community
  • Members are people who know and care about the individual
  • Individual has control over his / her own life with supports as needed

Composition of a Microboard

  • Family and friends of the individual (usually 5-9 people)
  • Can or cannot include professionals
  • Volunteer (no compensation for services as a board member)
  • Can replace members as needed with notification to SCC
  • Chose individuals who know the person in various capacities (medical, social, religious, family)
  • Diversified backgrounds of members insures broader exposure to variety of issues
  • Members must be willing to advocate for the individual if/when needed

Microboard Regulations

  • Meet monthly, quarterly, etc… whatever meets the individuals needs best
  • Annual meeting with supporting minutes is required
  • Changes in board membership must be reported to SCC

Microboard Tasks

  • Circle of Support for the person with a disability
  • Person-Centered-Plan philosophy (not having to fit into an existing model)
  • Advocates for vocational, day support, residential, financial, medical, social, etc.
  • On-going commitment to insure individuals’ health, safety, freedom of choice and relationships are maintained
  • Work “outside the box” to find solutions to issues (housing, vocation or day-support, recreation transportation, medical, etc.)
  • Goals: productive, appropriate, inclusive, happy life


  • A microboard can replace a single or co-guardian
  • Tasks can be as limited or extensive as deemed necessary for each individual/family
  • Full guardianship or partial guardianship are options to consider if a person needs varied levels of support such as Conservator of financial or medical

Home Ownership

  • Home (and utilities) can be titled in name of microboard (insures transparency)
  • Since microboard is the landlord, it can choose to accept Section 8 housing voucher
  • Running the home (paying bills, etc.) can be designated to a board member or contracted out to a private company
  • Board is responsible for identifying and addressing all maintenance issues; keeping insurance (home insurance, termite insurance, HVAC, etc.) current, complying with various annual inspections (licensure, Section 8, VHDA)

Provider of Service

  • Some microboards in other states (such as TN) are providers of direct support care
  • Possible, but very complicated in Virginia
  • No Virginia microboards are currently Providers of Service


  • Legal entity that can advocate for individual
  • Circle of Support gives family added resources to assist in decision making
  • Guardianship is beneficial as Board members are identified by the family ahead of time
  • “Thinking out of the box” often insures more flexibility and choices for the individual
  • Insures sustainability of support network, empowerment, independence, inclusion, and choice
  • Freedom to make decisions that are most beneficial to / for the individual
  • The microboard can exist for the individual’s life time or be dissolved at discretion of the Board


  • Occurs upon the death of the microboard focus person or at the discretion of the Board of Directors
  • All debts should be paid
  • SCC notification filed